Hexadecimal strings typically contain 0–9 and a–f, which gives plenty of opportunity for (naughty) words to form (Batchelder, 2007), e.g. “deadbabe”.
If we also accept “9” as a substitute for “g,” then even more (naughty) words can be built, e.g. “defacedfa9”. Your imagination is the limit.
To avoid accidentally generating words, we can remove vowels (A E I O U, and arguably Y) from the list of possible characters, and additionally remove characters that can stand in for vowels (0 1 3 4).
The set of characters we use for representing hexadecimal strings therefore becomes shifted: instead of
0123456789abcdef, we now have
Performing this replacement is trivial with
tr on the command line:
% echo 1337cafebabe | tr 0123456789abcdef 256789bcdfghjklm 577cjgmlhghl
String#tr does the same:
'1337cafebabe'.tr('0123456789abcdef', '256789bcdfghjklm') # => "577cjgmlhghl"
We can go further and remove ambiguous characters as well. While not necessary, it is helpful when writing down hexadecimal strings (especially when using non-conventional characters, like we do).
Ambiguous characters include B D G J Q S Z and 0 1 2 5 6 8 (with 0 and 1 already removed because they can substitute a vowel). The set of characters we use for representing hexadecimal strings has shifted again: instead of
256789bcdfghjklm (which replaced
0123456789abcdef), we now have
We can use it the same way. Command line:
% echo 1337cafebabe | tr 0123456789abcdef 79cfhklmnprtvwxz 9ffmvrzxtrtx
'1337cafebabe'.tr('0123456789abcdef', '79cfhklmnprtvwxz') # => "9ffmvrzxtrtx"
79cfhklmnprtvwxz is exactly 16 characters and ends with
z. A wonderful coincidence.
Batchelder, Ned. “Hex Words,” March 20, 2007. https://nedbatchelder.com/text/hexwords.html.